Title IX has significantly improved women and girls’ access to educational opportunities as well as protection from discrimination and sexual harassment. The law protects students, faculty and staff in all institutions of learning from kindergarten through post-secondary. It also prohibits discriminatory practices based on pregnancy, childbirth, miscarriage or sexual orientation. Title IX has been instrumental in advancing women’s athletics and, since its enactment, steadily increased the number of girls and women participating in school sports. Title IX addresses the availability, quality and kinds of benefits, opportunities and treatment that athletes receive. How Title IX applies to other educational areas, in particular science and technology, is a source of increasing interest and debate.