Title IX

Title IX has significantly improved women and girls’ access to educational opportunities as well as protection from discrimination and sexual harassment. The law protects students, faculty and staff in all institutions of learning from kindergarten through post-secondary. It also prohibits discriminatory practices based on pregnancy, childbirth, miscarriage or sexual orientation. Title IX has been instrumental in advancing women’s athletics and, since its enactment, steadily increased the number of girls and women participating in school sports. Title IX addresses the availability, quality and kinds of benefits, opportunities and treatment that athletes receive. How Title IX applies to other educational areas, in particular science and technology, is a source of increasing interest and debate.

Acosta/Carpenter Women in Intercollegiate Sport A Longitudinal, National Study Thirty-Five Year Update: 1977-2012

 In 2012, forty years after the enactment of Title IX, there are an average of 8.73 womenʼs teams per school and a total of about 200,000 female intercollegiate athletes: the highest in history.

In 1970, prior to the 1972 enactment of Title IX, there were only 2.5 womenʼs teams per school and only about 16,000 total female intercollegiate athletes. In 1977/1978, the academic year preceding the mandatory compliance date for Title
IX, the number of varsity sports for women had grown to 5.61 per school.

A decade later, in 1988, the number had grown to 7.71 and at the turn of the century, the growth continued to 8.14.
Today, in 2012, the average number of womenʼs teams per school sets an all time record of 8.73 giving weight to the adage: “If you build it, they will come.”


Progress without Equity: The Provision of High School Athletic Opportunity in the United States, by Gender 1993-94 through 2005-06

This first-of-its-kind report on gender and high school sports participation, “Progress Without Equity: The Provision of High School Athletic Opportunity in the United States, by Gender 1993-94 through 2005-06,” flows from an analysis of high schools that is unprecedented in its national and historical scope. It uses merged data from the Civil Rights Data Collection and the Common Core of Data, which is collected by the National Center for Education Statistics. 

Department of Commerce Releases STEM Gender Gap Report

 By Ariella Faitelson*

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American Sports Council Attempts to Challenge Title IX

By Ariella Faitelson*

Nearly a week after the US Women’s Soccer Team faced off against Japan in the World Cup Finals, the American Sports Council (formerly known as the College Sports Council) publicized its lawsuit against the Department of Education. The suit attempts to rattle Title IX which outlawed gender discrimination in any educational setting or activity. Signed into law in 1972, Title IX has since dramatically increased opportunities and equality in athletics at all levels. Women’s participation in high school athletics from 1971 to today has increased by an astonishing 940 percent (based on statistics from the National Federation of High School Associations).

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Annual Salute to Women in Sports

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Sponsored by the Women's Sports Foundation

For more than 35 years, the we have helped advance the lives of girls and women through sports and physical activity. For 32 years, we have been honoring the best of the best in women’s sports while raising funds to support our mission at the Annual Salute to Women in Sports Awards Gala.

We are proud to announce that this year’s Annual Salute now has a new date and location! This year the event will take place on Wednesday, October 19, 2011, at the historical Cipriani Wall Street in New York City.

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