Equality for Women - "The Core of the Problem is Care"
A Q&A session with SONIA MONTAÑO, head of ECLAC's gender unit:
"The problem is that in every country, fewer women carry out paid work than men. Although there are various reasons for this, the core of the problem is that countries in Latin America have still not solved the problem of care.
"In other words, women of all age groups, especially young women of reproductive age, have not got the state to provide services, or men to cooperate, and are losing extended family networks, to share the burden of caring for children, the sick and the elderly.
"This means that women are less mobile; they look for jobs close to home and accept more precarious and flexible work, because women are the only ones who have to find a balance between their work and family responsibilities.
"The second difficulty is that women still tend to train in areas similar to what they have always done: caring. They are teachers, nurses, domestic employees. These jobs are lower paid, and so discrimination is perpetuated."