Re:Gender works to end gender inequity and discrimination against girls and women by exposing root causes and advancing research-informed action. Working with multiple sectors and disciplines, we are shaping a world that demands fairness across difference.
Using data from the 2009 General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization, this article looks at the prevalence and nature of self-reported violence against Aboriginal women in the ten Canadian provinces.
In 2009, close to 67,000 Aboriginal women aged 15 or older living in the Canadian provinces reported being the victim of violence in the previous 12 months. Overall, the rate of self-reported violent victimization among Aboriginal women was almost three times higher than the rate of violent victimization reported by non-Aboriginal women.
Close to two-thirds (63%) of Aboriginal female victims were aged 15 to 34. This age group accounted for just under half (47%) of the female Aboriginal population (aged 15 or older) living in the ten provinces. Young females were also highly represented among non-Aboriginal victims.
The majority of violent incidents against Aboriginal women committed outside of a spousal relationship did not result in injury (84%) and did not involve the use of a weapon (89%). Comparable findings were seen among non-Aboriginal women.
Over three-quarters (76%) of non-spousal violent incidents involving Aboriginal women were not reported to the police, a proportion similar to that for non-Aboriginal women (70%).
Among victims of spousal violence, close to six in ten Aboriginal women reported being injured during the 5 years preceding the survey, compared to four in ten non-Aboriginal women (59% versus 41%).
Similar to non-Aboriginal women, about 4 in 10 Aboriginal women (42%) stated that they were very satisfied with their personal safety from crime.
The 2009 "Life...supplemented" My Wellness Scorecard National Study, conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs, reveals that nearly three-quarters of American women try to live a healthy lifestyle, but often miss the mark.
From the press release:
Ranked on a scale from "AlphaWELL" (those who are extremely proactive and meticulous about their health) to "OhWELL" (those who do little to nothing about maintaining their health), participants were evaluated on their overall wellness regimen-maintaining a healthy diet, taking supplements, getting routine exercise and other general lifestyle habits. Only one percent of women are "AlphaWELLs" and 26 percent are "WELLs," while 42 percent and 31 percent are "WannabeWELLs" and OhWELLs," respectively.
The Working Moms: How do they manage? joint survey by TODAYMoms and iVillage, reports that 67.5 percent of working mothers would prefer to have an assistant at home rather than at work.
From the article:
In a survey of more than 700 working moms, 67.5 percent said they would prefer an assistant at home rather than at work. The survey Working Moms: How do they manage?, a joint venture by TODAYMoms and iVillage, found that 17.5 percent said they’d prefer help at work. (And a curious 19.5 percent answered “none of the above.” We want to know: who are these wonder women?)
Among other findings in the areas of chores, sick-leave, fitness and general happiness:
66 percent of full-time working moms are responsible for 75 percent of the household chores. Meanwhile, an unlucky 11 percent say they’re responsible for ALL of the household chores.
What’s a working mom to do when she gets sick? Soldier on, is the response of 24 percent, who said “I am not allowed to get sick.”
More than 75 percent say that juggling work and family makes it hard to live a healthy lifestyle.
Asked how they feel about being a working mom, “proud” beat out “guilty” – barely. While 87 percent feel proud, 82 percent felt guilty. (They were allowed to pick more than one choice.)
Nearly 60 percent are satisfied with the time they spend with their kids.
A report from the Center for Women in Government & Civil Society at Rockefeller College of Public Affairs & Policy at SUNY Albany finds that women make up 23% of all federal judgeships and 27% of all state-level judgeships. Vermont leads the nation with 40% of positions held by women; Idaho has the fewest women judges at only 11%.
Highlights: Women on Federal and State Benches in 2011 (from the report)
No state has achieved equal representation of women (50% of all seats) in either federal or state-level judgeships.
In the U.S., women make up 23% of all federal judgeships and 27% of all state-level positions. This represents an overall 1% increase from 2010 levels, which were 22% and 26% respectively.
In 2011, women accounted for 26.6% of both federal and state-level judgeships.
Compared with their 2010 levels, women’s share of federal and state judgeships has increased in 65% of states, remained at the same levels in 22% of states, and decreased in 14% of states.
Vermont retained its first place ranking in terms of the percentage of women on federal and state benches. With 40% of seats occupied by women on its federal and state benches, Vermont is approaching parity.
Idaho also retained its 2010 last place ranking among other states. Only 11% of seats on federal and state benches are occupied by women.
Center for Women in Government & Civil Society, Rockefeller College of Public Affairs & Policy, SUNY Albany
Analysis of the Census Bureau's 2000 and 2010 Current Population Survey Fertility Supplements finds that women with a college degree are giving birth at a later age than other women and having fewer children overall by the end of their childbearing years.
In 2010, the women's education level made less of a difference in their total number of children than it did in 2000. Women 35 to 44 (corresponding with the 25 to 34 age group in 2000) with at least a bachelor's degree had 1.7 births, while women who had less than a high school education had 2.5 births. Eighty-eight percent of women 35 to 44 with less than a high school education had a birth compared with 76 percent of women with at least a bachelor's degree
Other highlights from the press release:
Foreign-born women were more likely to have ever had a baby than were native-born women by the age of 40 to 44, at 87 percent compared with 80 percent.
More than half (55 percent) of women who had a child in the last year were in the labor force. Of those women, about one third (34 percent) were working full time, 14 percent were working part time, and 7 percent were unemployed.
Almost one-quarter (23 percent) of women with a birth in the last year reported living in households with family incomes of at least $75,000. At the other end of the income scale, about one in five (21 percent) were living in families with incomes under $20,000.
By age 40 to 44, white non-Hispanic women (20.6 percent) were more likely to be childless than Hispanic women (12.4 percent), black women (17.2 percent) and Asian women (15.9 percent). Black women were also more likely to be childless than Hispanic women. Asian women did not differ from black or Hispanic women.
Differences in childlessness by race and origin are more substantial for women who have never married. Among these women age 40 to 44, white non-Hispanic women were more likely to be childless (69.5 percent) than black women (27.8 percent) and Hispanic women (36.4 percent). No significant difference in childlessness among those who had never married was found between black and Hispanic women, or white non-Hispanic women and Asian women (65.8 percent).
A study published in the American Journal of Public Health finds that more than 400,000 women are raped in the Democratic Republic of Congo every year, an average of 1,100 women a day. Around 60 percent of victims were forced to have sex by their husbands or partners. The study used nationwide data collected by the government between 2006 and 2007.
From the press release:
A new study based on examination of government-collected and nationally representative data from the Democratic Republic of Congo shows that levels of rape and sexual violence against women in the country are 26 times higher than official United Nations estimates. The study, spearheaded by The Center for Health Services and Outcomes Research, Graduate Program in Public Health, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, is published in the American Journal of Public Health.
Tia M. Palermo, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Preventive Medicine, Graduate Program in Public Health, and colleagues, found in their analysis that more than 400,000 women ages 15 to 49 in the DRC had experienced rape in a 12-month period in 2006 and 2007. That is the equivalent to 1,152 women raped every day, 48 raped every hour, or four women raped every five minutes.
A survey by the Commonwealth Fund shows that women will benefit from more access to health care once the Affordable Care Act is fully implemented in 2014.
From the Overview:
Women have greater health care needs than men, and generally play larger roles in the health care of family members. Rising health care costs combined with sluggish income growth has contributed to losses in health insurance among women and rising rates of problems gaining necessary health care and paying medical bills. Women who seek coverage in the individual insurance market face additional hurdles—few plans offer maternity coverage and, in most states, insurance carriers charge higher premium rates to young women than men of the same age. The Affordable Care Act is bringing change for women through required free coverage of preventive care services, small business tax credits, new affordable coverage options, and insurance market reforms, including bans on gender rating. When the law is fully implemented in 2014, nearly all the 27 million working-age women who went without health insurance in 2010 will gain affordable and comprehensive benefits. Data for this study were drawn from the Commonwealth Fund 2010 Biennial Health Insurance Survey, conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International from July 14 through November 30, 2010. The survey consisted of 25-minute telephone interviews in either English or Spanish with a random, national sample of 4,005 adults, age 19 and older, living in the continental United States.
The Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company's survey suggests that women undervalue the work they do outside of employment.
From the press release: In Penn Mutual's third annual Worth for Women Survey, women and men were asked to place a dollar value on the work they do away from their jobs. Both groups put the dollar estimate at around $25,000 per year. Respondents were then asked to list the hours they spent doing a variety of work or services, such as laundry, meal preparation or child care. When Penn Mutual calculated the value of the actual hours reported doing household jobs, they found that men overestimate the value of what they do by almost 13 percent. In contrast, women across the country were found to underestimate the worth of all they do for their homes and families. When the actual median value of services was computed, a woman's contribution to the home was $34,256 versus $19,322 for men. Men were 9 percent more likely to overestimate their contribution by $30,000 or more. The person most likely to underestimate her worth is the mother of a minor child—her computed worth is $44,913 while her perceived worth is $29,000. Over half (52 percent) of these women underestimate their worth by at least $10,000; 36 percent do so by at least $30,000.
A nationwide survey issued by Citibank reveals that 38 percent of Americans report that they are more likely to resemble their mothers when it comes to their own financial behavior. Americans also cite Mom (35 percent) as the Chief Financial Officer (CFO), acting as the primary decision-maker within the household, while 30 percent name Dad. In addition, adults remember their mothers talking to them at an early age about money, more than the "the birds and the bees."
From the press release:
The survey, conducted by Hart Research Associates, found that when it comes to financial matters such as saving, spending, borrowing and investing, Americans are more likely to identify with their mother (38 percent) than their father (34 percent).
Americans are also more likely to recognize their mother as the household CFO: 35 percent cited Mom as the primary financial decision-maker in the family; 32 percent reported both parents shared the responsibility; and 30 percent named their father. In addition, 45 percent of Americans say their mothers were better at managing the family budget than their fathers (21 percent). And, when it comes to getting a bargain, half of Americans (50 percent) say their mother was better, compared to just 20 percent acknowledging their father.
The data in this chartbook describe women's experiences in the health care system, highlighting the differences between various sub groups of women, particularly those who are at risk for poor access to care, those who are low-income, and women of color.
From the introduction:
The data presented in this Women’s Health Care Chartbook are based on a nationally representative survey of 2,015 women ages 18 to 64 interviewed by telephone in the spring and summer of 2008. This survey builds on prior Kaiser Family Foundation surveys on women’s health, conducted in 2001 and 2004, when the economy was much stronger. This survey was conducted in the early days of the recession in 2008, and economic conditions have become much worse since the data were collected.
This chartbook provides the latest data on major areas of women’s health policy, including women’s health status, insurance coverage, their interaction with the health care delivery system, use of preventive services, access to care, and work and family health issues.